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Department of Physiology and Biochemistry

 

 

Name: Prof: Dr. Aung Aung
Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc., Ph.D. (Goettingen)
Department: Physiology and Biochemistry
Specialty: Nutritional Biochemistry
Research Theme: Reduction of plant secondary metabolites in ruminant feed using microbes, smart nutrition for enhanced environment
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 797107805
Name: Associate Prof. Dr. Lwin Naing Oo Name: Dr. Htun Myint, Lecturer Name: Dr. Nang Kham Hline, Assistant Lecturer
Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc., Ph.D. Degree: B.V.Sc., Dip.L.I.S., M.Agr. (Hokkaido), Ph.D. (Hokkaido) Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc.
Specialty: Herbivore nutrition Specialty: Gastrointestinal physiology, Gut microbiology Specialty: Biochemistry, metabolic functions of ruminant
Research Theme: Ruminant and Environmental physiology Research Theme:  Nutritional Biochemistry, Ruminant and monogastric animal physiology Research Theme: Nutritional Biochemistry
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 797927256
Email/mobile:  [email protected]
+95 9404091913
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 445106959
Name: Dr. Nan Thida Aye, Assistant Lecturer Name: Dr. Gyue Gyue, Assistant Lecturer Name: Dr. Bo Hein, Demonstrator
Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc. Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc. Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc.
Specialty: Biochemistry, Metabolic functions of ruminant Specialty: Biochemistry, metabolic functions of ruminant Specialty: Veterinary Physiology
Research Theme: Nutritional Biochemistry Research Theme: Nutritional Biochemistry Research Theme: Ruminant physiology
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 797706925
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 420710313
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 255800878
Name: Dr. Myo Thet Naung, Demonstrator Name: Dr. Myo Thura, Demonstrator Name: Daw Tin Mar Khaing
Degree: B.V.Sc., M.V.Sc. Degree: B.V.Sc Education: B.A. (Geography)
Specialty: Veterinary Biochemistry Specialty: Animal Physiology Position: Branch clerk
Research Theme: Nutritional Biochemistry Research Theme: Animal Physiology
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 402662214
Email/mobile: [email protected]
+95 9 400447076
Name: U Saw Hla Tin Myint Name: U Thaung Lwin Name: Naw Faw Daenyer Name: Daw Shwe Thee
Education: High school Education: High school Education: Middle school Education: Monastery education
Position: Lab technician Position: Lab technician Position: Messenger Position: Sweeper

About Department of Physiology and Biochemistry

Our department is responsible for teaching Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry to 2nd and 3rd DVM and, 2nd BASc students. These two subjects are basic for the core subjects of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science. These two subjects are as foundation for other subjects and linked with other subjects. If someone cannot understand normal functions and processes, it is impossible to know abnormal functions and conditions. Therefore, Physiology and Biochemistry give the basic concepts and advanced concepts for both Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science.

As Department norms, the seniors always train new generations. From Dr. Maung Maung Sa to till now, we continuously train junior staff to become well qualified persons in teaching, research and development. As the Department is working closely with IAEA, there is a good laboratory for nutritional physiology and biochemistry. Moreover, some molecular based research can be conducted in our laboratory. Currently one Ph.D candidate, 9 MVSc candidate and one MVM candidate are doing their research in our Department. This Department is most productive for postgraduates in University of Veterinary Science. We have produce 2 M.Phil, 70 M.V.Sc and 10 Ph.D. in collaboration with INGOs and international universities, we are also helping to postgraduate student with partial financial support and technical knowledge in their research works. Our researches are also published both nationally and internationally (See in list of publication).

Preface by the Head of Department of Physiology and Biochemistry

Our goal in doing research is to make people happy. We bring happy to them through the production of food of animal origin and management of animal health that impact on human health as well. We involve in the issue of climate change and global warming that have had a critical impact on food production environments. Now it is time to solve those problems together.

With the research and education programme of Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, we are committed to make people happy through the resolution of global issues on food, health and the environment as a part.

We also welcome to everyone to work together for the contribution to the animal welfare and sustainable prosperity of human being.

Ongoing research

  1. Study on the development and isolation of leucaena mimosine degrading bacteria from the rumen of sheep.
  2. Effect of partial replacement of sorghum and leucaena forage and silage on digestibility, nitrogen utilization, milk yield in lactating cows fed on urea-treated rice straw based diet.
  3. Study on in vitro methane gas production from dry  roughage-based diets in their relation to voluntary feed intake   and digestibility in ruminants
  4. Effects of the partial replacement of Albizia saman pods and Prosopis juliflora on energy protein synchronization of diets and in situ protein degradation of different concentrates and effect on haematological parameters.
  5. Chronic dexamethasone application in healthy dogs
  6. Solid state fermentation of tannin rich crop residues by using Lactobacilli and evaluation of their nutritive value and growth performance of goats and sheep.
  7. Role of small ruminant and cattle production in livelihood of smallholder farmers in Myanmar Central Dry Zone.
  8. Identification of key constrains and health problems of ruminants under current management system in Myanmar Central Dry Zone.
  9. Survey on feed and feeding system of ruminants in Myanmar Central Dry Zone
  10. Breed variation on blood profiles of goats fed on leucaena supplementation.

List of publication

International publication

  1. Aung Aung, Tin Ngwe, Udo ter Meulen , F Gessler and Helge Bohnel (2006). Control of leucaena Toxicosis in Myanmar Sheep using IBT – Goettinger bioreactor grown mimosine degrading ruminal Klebsiella spp. In: Proceedings of conference on international agricultural research for development. University of Bonn, October 11-13. http://www.tropentag. de/2006/abstracts /full / 202. pdf.
  2. Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Mar Mar Kyi, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw (2006). Investigation on the effects of supplementation of chickpea husk and boiled sesame meal on the performance of growing bulls in Myanmar. In: Proceedings of conference on international agricultural research for development. University of Bonn, October 11-13. http://www. tropentag.de/2006/abstracts/ full/202.pdf.
  3. Ni Ni Maw, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Moe Thida Htun (2006). Preliminary report on nutritive value of some tree foliages locally available in Myanmar. In: Proceedings of conference on international agricultural research for development. University of Bonn,October 11-13. http://www.tropentag. de/2006/abstracts /full/ 202.pdf.
  4. Tin Ngwe, Khin Htay Myint, Khin San Mu, Mitani T, Ueda K and Kondo S (2007). Effect of Leucaena leucocephala and Ziziphus mauritiana, as sources of tannin on nutrients digestibility and nitrogen utilization in goats fed on rice straw diet supplemented with sesame meal (Eds. MPS Bakshi and M Wadhwa). In: Proceedings of international tropical animal nutrition conference. National Dairy Research Institute Karnal – 132001, India, October 4-7. 2: 2003.
  5. Myint Myint Khaing, Mar Too Nyi Bu and Tin Ngwe (2008). Effect on different rations containing different ingredients of concentrate available in Myanmar on the performance of Zebu and cross – bred Holstein Frisian heifers through in vitro gas method. In: Proceedings of the third GMSARN international conference on sustainable development: issues and prospects for the greater Mekong subregion. Uchoice hotel, Kunming, China. November 12-14.
  6. H Bohnel and A Aung (2009). Selection and production of bacteria which detoxify mimosine: leucaena leaves may be used as ruminant feed. In: Proceedings of FAO/IAEA international symposium on sustainable improvement of animal production and health. Vienna, Australia. June 8-11. pp. 186-187.
  7. KH Myint, KS Mu, TM Soe, NN Maw, LT Ming Gawng and T Ngwe (2010). Evaluation of Leucaena leucocephala and Ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannins and their Interference with nitrogen utilisation in goats (Eds. Odongo NE, Garcia M and Viljoen GL). In: Proceedings of sustainable improvement of animal production and health.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. pp. 159-165.
  8. A Aung, U ter Meulen, F Gessler and H Bohnel (2011). Isolation of mimosine degrading bacteria from rumen juice and mass production by Göttingen Bioreactor Technology. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. pp. 762-772.
  9. Tin Ngwe, Yoko NUIKI, Shinya OYAIZU, Genki TAKAMOTO,  Satoshi KOIKE, Koichiro UEDA, Hiroki NAKATSUJI, Seiji KONDO and Yasuo KOBAYASHI (2012). Bean husks as a supplemental fiber for ruminants: Potential use for activation of fibrolytic rumen bacteria to improve main forage digestion. Animal Science Journal. 83: 43-49.
  10. Ryosuke FUMA, Shinya OYAIZU, Yoko NUKUI, Tin NGWE, Takumi SHINKAI, Satoshi KOIKE and Yasuo KOBAYASHI (2012). Use of bean husks as an easily digestible fiber source for activating the fibrolytic rumen bacterium fibrobacter succinogenes and rice straw digestion. Animal Science Journal. 83: 696-703.
  11. A AUNG, U TER MEULEN, F GESSLER and H BOHNEL (2013). Development, isolation and characterization of a new non – virulent mimosine – degrading Klebsiella pneumoniae strain from the rumen liquor of German steers by using IBT- Göttingen bioreactor. Tropical Grassland – Forrajes Tropicales. 1: 45-47.
  12. Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe (2013). Development of leucaena mimosine – degrading bacteria in the rumen of sheep in Myanmar. Tropical Grassland – Forrajes Tropicales. 1: 48-49.
  13. LN Oo, M Aung, SM Thein, MT Htun, KS Mu and A Aung (2014). Effect of diets containing different proportions of roughages and concentrate on nutritive value, in vitro gas production and methane production. In: Proceedings of the 30th biennial conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production. National Convention Centre, Canberra, Australia. September 8-12. 30: 307.
  14. Khin Htay Myint , Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Min Aung and Tin Ngwe (2014). Effect of tannin – containing tamarind seed meal and Leucaena leucocephala on gas production of diets. In: Proceedings of the 16th AAAP Animal Science Congress. Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. November 10-14. 2: 1727.
  15. Soe Min Thein, Aung Aung, Kyaw Naing Oo, Nan Kham Hline, Win Myint Thein, Lwin Naing Oo, Zin Min Latt, Tu Tu Zaw Win, Jenny Hanks and Werner Stur (2014). Assessment of feed availability for cattle, sheep and goats in two villages in the central dry zone of Myanmar. In: Proceedings of the 16th AAAP Animal Science Congress. Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. November 10-14. 2: 915-918.
  16. Jue Jue, Nang Kham Hline, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein, Dezin Soe Lwin, Jenny Hanks, Ganda Nakamanee, Werner Stuer  and Aung Aung (2015). Evaluation of tropical herbaceous legumes for drought resistance in Myanmar. In: Proceedings of 23rd international grassland congress. New Delhi, India. November 20-24. pp. 1130.
  17. Nang Kham Hline, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein, Dezin Soe Lwin, Jue Jue, Aung Aung, Jenny Hanks , Werner Stuer  and Ganda Nakamanee  (2015). Selection of suitable varieties of grasses for Myanmar (Eds. AK Roy, RV Kumar, SK Mahanta, MM Das, RK Agrawal, JB Singh, KK Dwivedi and G prabhu). In: Proceedings of 23rd international grassland congress. New Delhi, India. November 20-24. pp. 989.
  18. Min Aung, Yin Yin Kyawt, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Aung Aung (2015). Effect of Inclusion of Albizia saman pods in the diet on the performances of dairy cows. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences. http://the:pub.com/PDF/ofsp.10355.pdf.
  19. Min Aung, Myo Khaing, Tin Ngwe, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo and Aung Aung (2015). Preliminary survey on the dairy cattle production system and conventional feed resources in the central dry zone of Myanmar. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 3: 383-375.
  20. Min Aung, Yin Yin Kyawt, Myo Khaing, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo and Aung Aung (2015). Nutritional evaluation of conventional feedstuffs for ruminants using in vitro gas production technique. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 3: 518-523.
  21. Myo Khaing, Min Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe (2015). Effect of Madhuca seedcake replacement in concentrate mixture on digestibility and nitrogen utilization of goat. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 3: 603-608.
  22. Min Aung, Yin Yin Kyawt, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Aung Aung (2015). In situ nutrient degradation of conventional diets commonly fed to dairy cows in central Myanmar. Journal of Aridland Agriculture. 1: 36-42.
  23. Min Aung, Myo Khaing, Tin Ngwe, Khin San Mu, Lwin Naing Oo and Aung Aung (2015). Preliminary survey on the dairy cattle production system and conventional feed resources in the central dry zone of Myanmar. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 3: 383-387.
  24. Min Aung, Yin Yin Kyawt, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Aung Aung (2016). Feeding values of conventional diets and their effects on the performance of dairy cows in central Myanmar. Journal of Applied and Advance Research. 1: 1-7.
  25. Min Aung, Yin Yin Kyawt, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Aung Aung (2016). In vitro fermentation of conventional diets commonly fed to dairy cows in central Myanmar. Journal of Applied and Advance Research. 1: 8-15.
  26. Myo Khaing, Min Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe (2016). Effect of leucaena forage and silage substitution in concentrates on digestibility, nitrogen utilization dairy cows.  Journal of Applied and Advance Research. 1: 37-43.
  27. Soe Min Thein, Min Aung, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thidar Htun, Khin San Mu, Jenny E. Hanks, Werner W. Stur, Dennis P. Poppi and Aung Aung (2017). Comparisons on nutritive values of local and introduced forages and feed mixture for ruminant feed in central dry zone of Myanmar. Journal of Scientific Agriculture. 1: 209-215.
  28. Myint H, Kishi H, Koike S and Kobayashi Y (2017): Effect of chickpea husk dietary     supplementation on blood and cecal parameters in rats. Animal Science Journal. 88: 372- 378.
  29. Myint H, Lwahashi Y, Koike S and Kobayashi Y (2017): Effect of soybean husk supplementation on the fecal fermentation metabolites and microbiota of dogs. Animal Science Journal. 88: 1730- 1736.
  30. Myint H, Kishi H, Lwahashi Y, Suzuki Y, Koike S and Kobayashi Y (2017): Bean husks, an agricultural by-product having functionality in animal nutrition and health. Proceedings of Japaneses Society for Animal Nutrition and Metabolism. 61:13-19.
  31. Myint H, Kishi H, Iwahashi Y, Saburi W, Koike S and Kobayashi Y (2018): Functional modulation of caecal fermentation and microbiota in rats by feeding bean husk as a dietary fiber supplement. Beneficial microbes. DOI10.3920/BN2017.0174.

Papers published in Myanmar

  1. Tin Ngwe, Mar Mar Kyi, Cho Cho Thein and Zaw Win Maung (1993). Effect of level of rice bran on voluntary intake of rice straw anddigestibility of rice straw diet in growing bulls. Myanmar J. Agri. Sci. 5(1): 65-75.
  2. Tin Ngwe, Mar Mar Kyi, Cho Cho Thein and Zaw Win Maung (1993). Effect of groundnut meal or sesame meal with or without chickpea (Cicerarietinum) husk on voluntary intake of rice straw and digestibility of rice straw diet in growing bulls. Myanmar J. Agri. Sci. 5(2): 83-89.
  3. Tin Ngwe, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung and Ni Ni Maw (2000). Effect of heat-treated sesame meal on voluntary intake of rice straw diet and nitrogen balance in growing bulls. In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on April 3-5, 2000 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 145-156.
  4. Tin Ngwe, San Thein, Mar Mar Kyi and Ni Ni Maw (2001). Sugar cane bagasse as the roughage in blended ration for growing bulls in Myanmar.In:Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 4-6, 2001 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 192-204.
  5. Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Mar Mar Kyi, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw (2001). Effect of combination of untreated or heat-treated sesame meal and two rates of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) husk to supplement urea-treated rice straw for growing bulls. In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 4-6, 2001 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.pp. 64-83.
  6. Ni Ni Maw (2001). A study on the effect of cortisone and highly potent analogues in cattle with special reference to ketosis therapy. Journal Myanmar Academy. pp. 144-162.
  7. Khin San Mu, Aung Aung, Mar Mar Kyi, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw (2002). Studies on the physiological responses on growing bulls fed on urea-treated rice straw with untreated or heatt-treaed sesame meal and two rates of chickpea (Cierarietinm) husk. In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon onJune 28-30, 2002 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 155-167.
  8. Ni Ni Maw, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Moe Thida Htun (2002). Prelimary report on nutritive value of tree foliages available in Yezin area. In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on June 28-30, 2002 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 202-212.
  9. Tin Ngwe, Nukui Y, Kobayashi Y, Nakatsuji H, Kondo S and Okubo M (2003). Effect of chickpea husk, as a source of easily digestible fibre on in vitro and in vivo digestion of rice straw. In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon onDecember 10-12, 2003 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 52-78.
  10. Ni Ni Maw, San Thein, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe (2003). Evaluation on the nutritive value of sugarcane bagasse ammoniated with different levels of urea in cows. . In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 10-12, 2003 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 107-119.
  11. Moe Thida Htun, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw (2003). The study of laying performance and physiological values following vitamin loading in pullets. . In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 10-12, 2003 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 163-175.
  12. Tin Ngwe, Kobayashi Y and Kondo S (2005). Effect of lablab bean (Dolichos lablab) husk as an alternative source of easily digestible fibre in compared with chickpea (Cicerarietinum) husk on rice straw digestion and ruminal characteristics in sheep. . In: Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 7-8, 2005 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. pp. 160-189.
  13. Khin San Mu, Upoor, Krishnamoorth and Kailas M.M (2005). Effect of incorporating tamarind seed husk in the diets of cross-bred calve on dry matter intake, digestibility of nutrients, nitrogen balance and growth performance. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on Decembet 7-8, 2005 (livestock and Fishery Science). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Science August, 2005, Yangon, Myanmar. Pp. 44-57.
  14. Khin Htay Myint, Khin San Mu, Tin Maung Soe, Ni Ni Maw and Tin Ngwe (2006).The effect of Leucaena leucocephala and ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannin, on the digestibility and nitrogen utilization in goat. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 25-27, 2006 (livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. May, 2006, Yangon, Myanmar. Pp. 68-87.
  15. Ni Ni Maw, Khin San Mu, Khin Htay Myint and Tin Ngwe (2006). In situ degradation study of organic matter and crude protein of some tree foliages in the rumen of fistulated bull. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 25-27, 2006 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. May, 2006, Yangon, Myanmar. Pp. 54-67.
  16. Tin Ngwe, Khin Htay Myint, Tin Maung Soe and Khin San Mu (2006). Effect of feeding frequency of leucaena leucocephala, as a source of easily digestible fibre, on nutrients digestibility and nitrogen utilization of rice straw diet fed to goat. Journal of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 25-27, 2006 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. May, 2006, Yangon, Myanmar.
  17. Tin Ngwe, Aye Aye Khaing, Myo Kywe, Khin San Mu and Mar Mar Kyi (2008). Evluatioin of elephant grass (Pennisetumpurpureumc.v marker) quality through in vitro gas production using rumen inoculum of fistulated bull. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25-26, 2008 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp. 141-156.
  18. Tin Maung Soe, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe (2008). Effects of groundnut and black gram residues on in situ degradation of rice straw and wheat straw based diets.Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25-26, 2008 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp. 176-190.
  19. Zaw Lin, Aye Min New, Aung Aung, Tin Tin Myaing and Tin Ngwe (2008). The study of fermentation characteristics and in vitro gas production of leucaena silage.Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25-26, 2008 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp. 74-88.
  20. Aung Aung, Tin Ngwe, Udo ter Meulen and Helge Bohnel (2008).The successful control of leucaena (Bawzagaing) toxicosis in Myanmar sheep with freeze-dried IBT-Goettinger Bioreactor grown Syngestesjonesii.Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25-26, 2008 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp. 116-140.
  21. Myo Min, Aung Aung, Nwe New Htin, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe (2009). Effect of supplementation of high concentrates for improving milk production in cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed on urea-treated rice straw based diet. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Nay Pyi Taw on December, 2009 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar( On Press).
  22. Naw Re Say Ber, Moe Thida Htun, Khin Hnin Swe, Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe (2009). The effects of brewers’ spent grains and pineapple peels as additives on silage making process of summer rice straw. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Nay Pyi Taw on December, 2009 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar ( On Press).
  23. Tin Maung Soe, Mar Ma Kyi, Aung Aung, Nwe Nwe Htin, Khin Thida Khaing and Tin Ngwe (2009). Digestibility, nitrogen utilization and milk yield of cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed on formualated urea-treated rice straw based diets. Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Nay Pyi Taw on December, 2009 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar ( On Press).
  24. Mar Mar Kyi, Tin Ngwe, Zaw Win Maung and Ni Ni Maw (2000): Some Physiological responses of growing bulls to rice straw diet supplemented with groundnut meal and sesame meal with or without chickpea (Cicer Arietinum)husk. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 12-17.
  25. Tin Ngwe, Nukui Y, Kobayashi Y, Nakatsujin H, Kondo S and Kato T (2004): Effects of chickpea (Cicer Arietinum)husk with or without polyethylene glycol and detannined chickpea husk on in vitro fibre digestion of rice straw diet. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 31-42.
  26. Tin Ngwe, Nukui Y, Kobayashi Y, Nakatsujin H, Kondo S and Kato T (2005): Effects of Lablab bean (Dolichos lablab)husk and (Cicer Arietinum)husk, as tannin sources, on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen utilization in sheep. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 35-42.
  27. Tin Ngwe, Ye Htun Win, Khin San Mu and Ni Ni Maw (2006): Preliminary survey on dairy production in Tapei village, Kyauk Sei District, with special reference to the nutritional requirement. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 31-47.
  28. Moe Moe Khaing, Tin Ngwe, Khin San Mu and Ni Ni Maw( 2006): Effect of partial replacement of urea molasses block, as source of non protein nitrogen, on digestibility and nitrogen utilization in goat fed rice straw based diet supplemented with leucaena leaves. . Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 15-22.
  29. Khin Htay Myint, Khin San Mu, Tin Maung Soe, Ni Ni Maw and Tin Ngwe (2006): In situ nylon bag study of the effect of leucaena leucocephala and ziziphus mauritiana as source of tannin on protein degradation. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 7-14.
  30. Tin Ngwe, Tin Maung Soe and Khin San Mu (2007): Preliminary report of chemical compositions of feedstuff commonly fed draft cattle in myingyan District. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 88-95.
  31. Tin Maung Soe, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe (2007): Effect of groundnut, black gram and green gram residues on intake, digestibility and nitrogen utilization as supplement in goat fed on rice straw. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 8-18.
  32. Tin Ngwe, Tin Maung Soe and Khin San Mu (2008): The study on the associative effects of groundnut, black gram and green gram residues on rice straw by in vitro gas analysis method. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 75-83.
  33. Aung Aung, Tin Ngwe, Udo ter Meulen and Helge Bohnel (2008): An attempt to control memosine toxicity in Myanmar sheep using freeze-dried IBT- Gottinger Bioreactor grown Synergestes jonesii. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 105-110.
  34. Tin Maung Soe, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe (2008): The study on the milk production in cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows with the special reference of nutritional requirement in Myanmar. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 85-93.
  35. Tin Ngwe, Khin San Mu, Zaw Lin, Htun Min and Sein Maung Maung(2009): Effect of tannin included in leucaena leucocephala on different concentrates through the in virto gas production. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 19-30.
  36. Htun Min, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung, Tin Tin Myaing and Tin Ngwe (2009). Study on nutritive values and in vitro gas production of Trichoderma-treated rice straw. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 73-84.
  37. Zaw Lin, Aye Min Ngwe, Aung Aung, Tin Tin Myaing and Tin Ngwe (2009): Study of fermentation and in vitro gas production of maize silage comparison with grass silage. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 103-112.
  38. Tin Maung Soe, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe (2009): Effect of replacement of urea treated rice straw on digestibility, nutrient utilization and milk yield in cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 95-102.
  39. Sein Maung Maung, Khin San Mu, Mar Mar Kyi, , Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe (2009): Effect of replacement of urea treated rice straw on digestibility, nutrient utilization and milk compositions of  Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed with high concentrate. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 13-18.
  40. Aye Min Nwe, Zaw Lin, Aung Aung, Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe (2009): Effect of synchronization of protein and energy on the fibre digestion in the rumen of fistulated bull fed on rice straw supplemented with sunflower seed cake or cotton seed cake. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. pp. 85-94.
  41. Aung Aung, Udo ter Meuulen, Tin Ngwe and Helge Bdhnel (2009). Leucaenatoxicosis and its control in Myanmar sheep using immonilized IBT-Goettinger Bioreactor grown Synergestiesjonesii. Myanmar Veterinary Journal. 113-120.
  42. Mon Mon Soe, Wink Phyo Thu, Swe Swe Win, Aung Aung, Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe (2009). Tannin concentration in tree foliages affected by seasonal changes in different regions in Myanmar. In: Proceedings of annual conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, November 7-8.
  43. Myo Min, AungAung, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe (2009). Effect of tamarind seeds as a source of tannin on digestibility, nitrogen retention and milk yield of cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed on urea-treated rice straw based diets.In: Proceedings of annual conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, November 7-8.
  44. Naw Re Say Ber, Moe Thida Htun, Khin Hnin Swe, Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe (2009). The effects of brewers’ spent grains and pineapple peels as additives on silage making process of grass and groundnut fodder. In: Proceedings of annual conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, November 7-8.
  45. Wink Phyo Thu, Swe Swe Win, Aung San Win, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe (2009). The effect of ensiling on the content of tannin in Leucaenaleucocephala. In: Proceedings of annual conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, November 7-8.
  46. Tin Ngwe, Tin Tun Aung, Ko Ko Latt, Wan Tukn and Khin San Mu (2009). The study of nutritive alues of nine feedstuff foraged by the captive elephant through in vitro gas method in Myanmar. In: Proceedings of annual conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, November 7-8.
  47. Aung San Win, Moe Thida Htun, Mar Mar Kyi, Khin Hnin Swe and Tin Ngwe (2011): Comparison of the in vitro gas production of Trichoderma-treated rice straw with Urea treated rice straw. Proceeding of annual conference of MyanmarVeterinary Association, Mandalay, December, 2011.
  48. Min Aung, Tin Ngwe, Aung Aung, Khin Hnin Swe, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo and Mar Mar Kyi (2013): In vitro gas production and its prediction on dry matter and organic matter digestibility and methane production of Albiziasamam pods partially replaced in commercial concentrate. Proceeding of annual conference of MyanmarVeterinary Association, Mandalay, March, 2013.
  49. Aung Aung, Min Aung, Soe Min Thein , Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe (2014): Preliminary report on the chemical composition of ProsopisJuliflora pods. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  50. Kyaw Yan Naing Tun, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Pyae Phyo Aung, Tin Ngwe and Khin San Mu. (2014): Effect of the partial replacement of Albiziasaman pods for concentrates on protein degradation and energy protein synchronization of diets through in situ methods. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  51. Min Aung, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe (2014): Different levels of Albizia saman pods in diet and its effects on the estimation of methane concentration and rates of reduction. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  52. Myo Khaing, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe (2014): Effect of partial replacement of Leucaena forage and silage on digestibility, nitrogen utilization, milk yield in lactating cows fed on urea treated rice straw based diets. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  53. Naing Htun Aung, Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Hnin Yi Soe and Nwe Nwe Htin (2014): Effect of different levels of cotton seeds meal on carcass yields, abdominal fat pad and crude protein and crude fat content of breast and thigh meat and boiler chicks, Northern Shan State, Lashio. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  54. Pyae Phyo Aung, Khin San Mu, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Tin Ngwe and Aung Aung (2014): Fermentation characteristics and in vitro gas production of Leucaena and Gliricidia silage added maize. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  55. Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe (2014): Effect of different proportion of conventional feedstuffs in diets on in vitro gas production and methane production. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  56. Aung Aung, Lwin Naing Oo, Sandi Myint Oo, Thant Nyi Lin and Than Myint (2014): Activities of Veterinary Emergency Response Unit (VERU) Team, University of Veterinary Science: Saving the animal’s life. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  57. Khin San Mu, Azhar K and Aini I (2014): Effects of Asuia 279 phytase at graded levels on performance of broiler chickens. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, February, 2014.
  58. Chit San Win, Khing Hnin Htet, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Lwin Naing Oo and Aung Aung (2015): Effects of Mesquite pods supplementation on performance of goats fed on urea treated rice straw.Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, December, 2015.
  59. Khaing Hnin Htet, Chit San Win, Su Zin Mar Nyein, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo and Khin San Mu (2015): Effects of different ratios of Leucaena leaf meal and Albizia saman pods on gas production and methane emission through in vitro method. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, December, 2015.
  60. Khin Htay Myint, Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein and Tin Ngwe (2015): Effects of tannin containg leave and Tamarind seed meal on protein degradation and energy protein synchronization of diets through in situ Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, December, 2015.
  61. Ei Ei Win Maug, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein and Khin San Mu (2015): Supplementation of Moringa Oleifera leaf meal as protein source on haematological responses and growth performance in broiler. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, December, 2015.
  62. Naing Htun Aung, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Pyae Phyo Aung, Kyaw Yan Naing Htun and Khin San Mu (2015): Effect of different levels of leucaena leaf meal supplementation on performances and apparent digestibility in male broilers. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon, December, 2015.
  63. Aye Myat Thu, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Lwin Naing Oo (2015): Total gas and methane gas production from Urea-treated crop residues through in vitro gas method. Proceeding of first international conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  64. Su Su Hlaing, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein and Khin San Mu (2015): Supplementation of Moringa Oleifera leaf meal on nutrient retention and growth performance in broiler. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  65. Pyae Phyo Aung, Kyaw Yan Naing Tun, Naing Htun Aung, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo and Aung Aung (2015): The study of nutritive values and in vitro gas production of different levels of concentrate supplemented to different maturation stages of Napier grass. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  66. Kyaw Yan Naing Tun, Lwin Naing Oo, Naing Htun Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Aung Aung (2015): Effect of different levels of Albiziasaman pod in concentrate of urea treated maize stover diet through in vitro gas production method. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  67. Shwe Sin Win, Aung Htet Myat, Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Simon Quigley, Dennis Poppi and Lwin Naing Oo (2015): Effect of calf supplementation during the dry season on live-weight, body condition score, milk yield and haematological parameters of mother cows. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  68. Nan Thida Aye, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein and AungAung (2015): Effect of diet supplemented with Cassava life meal on haematological reponses of goats. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  69. Hitalar San, Kyaw Yan Naing Tun, Min Aung, Soe Min Thein, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Aung Aung (2015): Survey on the feeds and feeding strategies of draught cattle during the dry season in Southern Nay Pyi Taw. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  70. Kyaw Min Htay, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Tin Ngwe and Khin San Mu (2015): Effects of different levels of Lablab Bean Husk (Dolichos Lablab) Supplementation on Digestibility and Nitrogen Retention of Goats. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  71. Win Ko, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Soe Min Thein and Khin San Mu (2015): Effect of fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria on the fermentative quality and nutritive values of ensiled Napier grass. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  72. Nang Ni Ni Lynn, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Lwin Naing Oo (2015): Effect of Urea Levels on Methane production of Maize and Sorghum Stover through in vitro gas method. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  73. Aung Htet Myat, Shwe Sin Win, Khin San Mu, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Simon Quigley, Dennis Poppi and Aung Aung (2015): Response of pre-weaned calves to dry season supplementation. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  74. Ei Mon Nyein, Khin San Mu, Simon Quigley, Moe Thida Htun, Soe Min Thein, Lwin Naing Oo, Dennis Poppi and Aung Aung (2015): Body condition score and live-weight changes of native cows in the dry and wet seasons at dry zone area in Myanmar. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  75. Ya Min, Soe Min Thein, Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Moe Thida Htun, Angus Campbell and Lwin Naing Oo (2015): Body condition score and live-weight changes of native cows in the dry and wet seasons at dry zone area in Myanmar. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.
  76. Pyae Phyo Aung, Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Kyaw Yan Naing Tun and Naing Htun Aung (2015): The nutritive values of different maturation stages of Napier grass at Nay Pyi Taw (Mya Sein Yaung Farm) in dry season. Proceeding of first intrenational conference and annual meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Yangon December, 2015.

Research works accomplished in Myanmar beyond 1990 (Excluded of research papers presented in abroad for postgraduate degrees):

(1) Study on utilization of rice straw by ruminants supplemented with Agricultural by-products available in Myanmar. 1. Effect of level of rice bran on voluntary intake of rice straw and digestibility of rice straw diet in growing bulls.

Tin Ngwe, Mar Mar Kyi, Cho Cho Thein and Zaw Win Maung

Myanmar J. Agric. Sci. 5(1) 1993: 65-75

(2) Study on utilization of rice straw by ruminants supplemented with Agricultural by-products available in Myanmar. 2. Effect of groundnut meal or sesame meal with or without chickpea (Cicer Arietinum) husk on voluntary intakeof rice straw and digestibility of rice straw diet in growing bulls.

Tin Ngwe, Mar Mar Kyi, Cho Cho Thein and Zaw Win Maung

Myanmar J. Agric. Sci. 5(2) 1993: 83-9

(3) Physiological responses of growing bulls to rice straw diet supplemented with groundnut meal and sesame meal with or without chickpea (Cicer Arietinum) husk.

Mar Mar Kyi, Tin Ngwe, Zaw Win Maung and Ni Ni Maw

Proceedings of 7th Veterinary Conference, Yangon University Diamond Jubilee hall. 24 th –25 th October 1998. Myanmar Veterinary Association, Myanmar.

(4) Survey on comparison of prices of poultry foodstuffs and egg price in Pyinmana area from 1994 to 1998.

Tin Ngwe, Moe Thida Htun and Khin san Mu

Proceedings of 9th Veterinary Conference, Yangon University Diamond Jubilee hall. October 2000. Myanmar Veterinary Association, Myanmar.

(5) Study on utilization of rice straw by ruminants supplemented with agricultural by-products available in Myanmar. 3. Effect of heat-treated sesame meal on voluntary intake of rice straw diet and nitrogen balance in growing bulls.

Tin Ngwe, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung and Ni Ni Maw

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on April 3 – 5, 2000.( Live stock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural,Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. August, 2000, Yangon, Myanmar. Pp:145 – 156.

(6) Sugar cane bagasse as the roughage in blended ration for growing bulls in Myanmar.

Tin Ngwe, San Thein, Mar Mar Kyi and Ni Ni Maw

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 4 – 6, 2001. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. August, 2001, Yangon, Myanmar Pp: 192 – 204.

(7) Effect of combination of untreated or heat-treated saseme meal and two rates of chickpea (Cicer Arietinum) husk to supplement urea-treated rice straw for growing bulls.

Aung Aung, Khin San Mu, Mar Mar Kyi, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 4 – 6, 2001.(Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. August, 2001, Yangon, Myanmar Pp: 64 – 83.

(8) Study on the growth performance and biochemical response of Rhode-Island Red cockerel to three different levels of dietary protein.

Khin Myat Nwe, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw

7th. Myanmar Veterinary association, Diamond Jubilee Hall, Yangon, Myanmar.

(9) Studies on the physiological responses of growing bulls fed on urea-treated rice straw with untreated or heat-treated sesame meal and two rates of chickpea (Cicer Arietinum) husk.

Khin San Mu , Aung Aung, Mar Mar Kyi , Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on June 28– 30, 2002. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. August, 2002, Yangon, Myanmar Pp:155 – 167.

(10) Effect of chickpea husk, as a source of easily digestible fibre, on in vitro and in vivo digestion of rice straw.

Tin Ngwe, Y. Nukui, Y. Kobayashi, H. Nakatsuji, S. Kondo and M. Okubo

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 10 – 12, 2003. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. February, 2004, Yangon, Myanmar. Pp: 52 – 78.

(11) Evaluation on the nutritive value of sugarcane bagasse ammoniated with different levels of urea in cows

Ni Ni Maw, San Thein, Aung Aung, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 10 – 12, 2003. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. February, 2004, Yangon,Myanmar. pp:107 – 119.

(12) The study of laying performance and physiological values following vitamin C loading in pullets

Moe Thida Htun, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 10 – 12, 2003. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. February, 2004, Yangon, Myanmar. Pp: 163 – 175.

(13) Effects of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) husk with or without polyethylene glycol and detannined chickpea husk on in vitro fibre digestion of rice straw diet.

Tin Ngwe , Y. Nukui , Y. Kobayashi , H. Nakatsuji , S. Kondo and T. Kato

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. November 2004. Pp: 31-42.

(14) Effects of lablab bean (Dolichos lablab) husk and chickpea (Cicer arietinum) husk, as tannin sources, on nutrients digestibility and nitrogen utilization in sheep.

Tin Ngwe , Y. Nukui , Y. Kobayashi , H. Nakatsuji , S. Kondo and T. Kato

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. December 2005. Pp: 35-42.

(15) Effect of lablab bean (Dolichos lablab) husk, as an alternative source of easily digestible fibre, in compared with chickpea (Cicer arietinum) husk on rice straw digestion and ruminal characteristics in sheep

Tin Ngwe , Y. Kobayashi and S. Kondo

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on December 7 – 8, January,2005. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. January, 2005, Yangon,Myanmar. Pp: 160 – 189.

(16) Preliminary survey on the dairy production in Tapei village, Kyauk Sei District, with special reference to the nutritional requirement

Tin Ngwe, Ye Tun Win, Khin San Mu and Ni Ni Maw

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. 10th Veterinary Conference. November 2006. Pp: 31 – 37.

(17) Effect of partial replacement of urea-molasses block, as source of non-protein nitrogen, on digestibility and nitrogen utilization in goat fed rice straw based diet supplemented with Leucaena leaves

Moe Moe Khaing, Khin San Mu, Tin Ngwe and Ni Ni Maw

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. 10th Veterinary Conference. November 2006. Pp: 15 – 22.

(18) In situ nylon bag study of the effect of leucaena leucocephala and ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannin on protein degradation

Khin Htay Myint, Khin San Mu, Tin Maung Soe, Ni Ni Maw and Tin Ngwe

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. 10th Veterinary Conference. November 2006. Pp: 7 – 14.

(19) The effect of leucaena leucocephala and ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannin, on the digestibility and nitrogen utilization in goat

Khin Htay Myint, Khin San Mu, Tin Maung Soe, Ni Ni Maw and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 25 – 27, 2006. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. May, 2006, Yangon,Myanmar.

(20) In situ degradation study of organic matter and crude protein of some tree foliages in the rumen of fistulated bull

Ni Ni Maw, Khin San Mu, Khin Htay Myin and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 25 – 27, 2006. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. May, 2006, Yangon,Myanmar. (On press)

(21) Effect of feeding frequency of leucaena leucocephala, as a source of easily digestible fibre, on nutrients digestibility and nitrogen utilization of rice straw diet fed to goat.

Tin Ngwe, Khin Htay Myint, Tin Maung Soe and Khin San Mu

Journal of the annual research conference held in Yangon on May 25 – 27,2006. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. May, 2006, Yangon, Myanmar.(On press)

(22) Preliminary report of chemical compositions of feedstuff commonly fed to draft cattle in Myingyan district

Tin Ngwe, Tin Maung Soe and Khin San Mu

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. November 2007. Pp: 88 – 95.

(23) Effect of groundnut, black gram and green gram residues on intake, digestibility and nitrogen utilization as supplements in goat fed on rice straw

Tin Maung Soe, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. November 2007. Pp: 9 – 18.

(24) The study on the associative effects of groundnut, black gram and green gram residues on the rice straw and urea-treated rice straw by in vitro gas analysis method

Tin Ngwe, Tin Maung Soe and Khin San Mu

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. November 2007. (11)1: 75 – 83.

(25) An attempt to control mimosine toxicity in Myanmar sheep using freeze-dried IBT-Goettinger Bioreactor grown Synergistes jonesii

Aung Aung, Tin Ngwe, Udo ter Meulen and Helge Böhnel

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. November 2007. (11)1: 105 – 110.

(26) The study on the milk production in cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows with the special reference of nutritional requirement in Myanmar.

Tin Maung Soe, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe

Myanmar Veterinary Journal. The Journal of Myanmar veterinary Association. Annual Conference Edition. November 2007. (11)1: 85 – 93.

(27) Evaluation of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum c.v marker) quality through In vitro gas Production using rumen inoculum of fistulated bull

Tin Ngwe , Aye Aye Khaing , Myo Kywe , Khin San Mu and Mar Mar Kyu

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25 – 26, 2008. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. pp: 141 – 156.

(28) Effects of groundnut and black gram residues on in situ degradation of rice straw and wheat straw based diets

Tin Maung Soe, Khin San Mu and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25 – 26, 2008. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp: 176 – 190.

(29) The study of fermentation characteristics and in vitro gas production of leucaena silage

Zaw Lin , Aye Min Nwe , Aung Aung ,Tin Tin Myaing and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25 – 26, 2008. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp: 74 – 88.

(30) The successful control of leucaena (Bawzagaing) toxicosis in Myanmar sheep with freeze-dried IBT- Goettinger Bioreactor grown Syngistes jonesii

Aung Aung, Tin Ngwe, Udo ter Meulen and Helge Böhnel

Proceedings of the annual research conference held in Yangon on July 25 – 26, 2008. (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences.Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar. Pp: 116 – 140.

(31) Effect of Tannin Included in Leucaena leucocephala on Different Concentrates through the In Vitro Gas Production

Tin Ngwe , Khin San Mu, Zaw Lin, Htun Min and Sein Maung Maung

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 2008, pp 13-18.

(32) Study on the Nutritive Values and In Vitro Gas Production of Trichoderma-Treated Rice Straw

Htun Min, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung, Tin Tin Myaing and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 200, 73-84.

(33) The Study of Fermentation and In Vitro Gas Production of Maize Silage Comparison with Grass Silage

Zaw Lin, Aye Minn Nwe , Aung Aung ,Tin Tin Myaing , Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 2008, pp 103-112.

(34) Effect of Replacement of Urea-treated Rice Straw on the Digestibility, Nitrogen Utilization and Milk Yield in Cross-bred Holstein Friesian Lactating Cows

Tin Maung Soe, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 2008 , pp, 95-102.

(35) Effect of Urea Treatment of Rice Straw on the Digestibility, Nitrogen Utilization, Milk Yield and Milk Compositions of Holstein Friesian Lactating Cows Fed with High Concentrate

Sein Maung Maung, Khin San Mu, Mar Mar Kyi, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 2008 13-18.

(36) Effect of the Synchronization of Protein and Energy on the Fibre Digestion in the Rumen of Fistulated Bull Fed on Rice Straw Supplemented with Sunflower Seed Cake or Cotton Seed Cake

Aye Minn Nwe , Zaw Lynn , Aung Aung , Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 2008 , pp 85-94.

(37) Leucaena Toicosis and Its Control in Myanmar Sheep Using Immobilized IBT-Gottinger Bioreactor Grown synergistes jonesii

Aung Aung, ter Meuulen, Tin Ngwe, Bohnel

Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2008, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, November 23th – 24h , 2008, pp 113-120.

(38) Comparison of the in vitro gas production of trichoderma-treated rice straw with urea- treated rice straw

Aung San Win, Moe Thida Htun, Mar Mar Kyi, Khin Hnin Swe and Tin Ngwe

The Journal of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Vol. 14: 1, Annual Conference Edition, Dcember 2011, Pp 25-38.

(39)The effect of concentrated supplements on the digestibility and nitrogen retension of captive elephants fed on conventional diet in Myanmar

Tin Tun Aung, Tin Maung Soe, Aung, Aung, Mar Mar Kyi and tin Ngwe

The Journal of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Vol. 14: 1, Annual Conference Edition, Dcember 2011, Pp 39-48.

(40) Study on in situ protein degradation of different sources of concentrate with and without leucaena tannin

Swe Swe Win, Myo Min, Wink Phyo Thu, Moe Thida Htun, Khin Hnin Swe and Tin Ngwe

The Journal of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Vol. 14: 1, Annual Conference Edition, Dcember 2011, Pp 55-66.

(41) The effects of brewers’ spent grain and pineapple peels as additives on silage making process of summer rice straw

Naw Re Say Ber, Moe Thida Htun, Khin Hnin Swe, Mar Mar Kyi and Tin Ngwe

Proceeding of the annual research conference held in Nay Pyi Taw on December, 2009 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar.

(42) Digestibility, nitrogen utilization and milk yield of cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed on formulated urea-treated rice straw based diets

Tin Maung Soe, Mar Mar Kyi, Aung Aung, Nwe New Htin, Khin Thida Khaing and Tin Ngwe

Proceeding of the annual research conference held in Nay Pyi Taw on December, 2009 (Livestock and Fishery Sciences). Myanmar Academy of Agricultural, Forestry, Livestock and Fishery Sciences. Nay Pyi Taw, Yezin, Myanmar.

(43) In vitro gas production and its prediction on dry matter and organic matter digestibility and methane production of Albizia saman pods partially replaced in commercial concentrate

Min Aung, Tin Ngwe, Aung Aung, Khin Hnin Swe, Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo and Mar Mar Kyi

The Journal of Myanmar Veterinary Association, Vol. 15: 1, Annual Conference Edition, Dcember 2013, Pp 69-77.

(44) Isolation and characterization of a developed new non-virulent Klebsiella pneumonia strain from rumen liquor of german steers for degradation of mimosine by using IBT-Göttinger bioreactor

Aung Aung, Udo ter Meulen, Frank Gessler, Helge Böhnel

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

(45) Development of leucaena mimosine degrading bacteria in the rumen of sheep

Moe Thida Htun, Lwin Naing Oo, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

(46) Study on the nutritive value and in vitro gas production of leucaena forage and silage partially replaced in commercial concentrate

Myo Khaing, Lwin Naing Oo, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

(47) The study of the different bean husks as the easily digestion fibre source on in vitro gas production of rice straw, urea-treated rice straw and napier grass

Kyaw Min Htay, Moe Thida Htun, Khin San Mu, Aung Aung, Nwe Nwe Htin and Tin Ngwe

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

(48) Effect of partial replacement of Albizia saman pods in commercial concentrate on the digestibility, nitrogen utilization and milk yield in cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows

Min Aung, Tin Ngwe, Khin Hnin Swe, Aung Aung, Khin San Mu and Moe Thida Htun

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

(49) Effect of heat on protein degradation of maize grain soaked in urea through in situ method

Soe Min Thein, Moe Thida Htun, Aung Aung and Tin Ngwe

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

(50) Effect of ASUIA 279 phytase at graded levels on performance of broiler chickens

Khin San Mu, K. Azhar and I. Aini

12th conference of Myanmar Veterinary Association, 2013, Convocation Hall, University of Veterinary Science, Nay Pyi Taw, March 30th-31st, 2013

Ongoing research

  1. In Vitro Methane Gas Production from Dry Roughages-Based Diets in their Relation to Voluntary Feed Intake and Digestibility in Small Ruminant
  2. Effect of Madhuca (Maze) Seedcake as a Source of Saponin on Performance of Goats
  3. Effect of Tannin Containing Tamarind Seed Meal or leucaena Leucocephala on the Performance of Lactating Dairy Cows
  4. Effect of Conventional Feeds on the Performance of Dairy Cattle and House Hold Income of Small Scale Dairy Farmers
  5. Effect of Bean Husk as a Source of Easily Digestibility Fibre on the Performance of Goats Fed on Urea-Treated Rice Straw Based Diet
  6. Effect of Supplementation of Heat Treated Urea Soaking Maize Grain to Rice Straw Based Diet on the Performance of Dairy Cattle
  7. Study on the Nutritive value, Digestibility and Nitrogen Retention of Leucaena and Gliricidia Silage Added with Maize Stover Supplemented to Urea-Treated Rice Straw in Goat
  8. Effect of Partial Replacement of Albizia saman Pods on Energy Protein Synchronization of Diets and in situ Protein Degradation of Different Concentrates
  9. Effect of Tamarind Seed as a Tannin Source in Urea-Molasses Multi-nutrient Block on Methane Emission, In Vitro Digestibility and protein Degradability
  10. Effect of Maturation Stages, Urea Treatment and Heat Treatment on the Nutritive Values and Anti-nutritional Factors of Ziziphus mauritiana Leaves
  11. Effects of Trans-inoculation of Mimosine Degrading Bacteria From Sheep to Goats Fed on Toxic level of Leucaena
  12. Seasonal Effects on the Nutritive Values of Goats Feeds Available in Meikhtila District through In Vitro and In Situ Methods
  13. Effects of Partial Replacement of Leucaena leucocephala Seeds as a Source of Protein on Growth Performance and Nutrient Retention of Broiler
  14. Effects of Supplementation of Mesquite pods on the Performances of Goats Fed on Urea-treated Rice straw
  15. Effect of Different Ration of Leucaena Leaf Meal and Albizia Saman pods on the in vitro Digestibility and Energy Protein Synchronization
  16. Effect of Diet Supplemented with Cassava leaf Meal on Biochemical Responses and Eimeria Infestation in Goats
  17. Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaf Meal on Voluntary Feed Intake, Digestibility and Nitrogen Retention of Goat
  18. Study on the nutritive values of new forage species at different maturation stages

 Titles of Thesis

(1) Study on the utilization of rice straw by growing bulls supplemented with agricultural by-product available in Myanmar. (Mar Mar Kyi, M.V.Sc Thesis, 1993)

(2) Effects of sunflower seed cake and cotton seed cake fed with untreated and urea-treated rice straw for growing bulls. (Yan Naing Soe, M.V.Sc , Thesis .2001)

(3) The study of laying performance and physiological values following vitamin C loading in pullets. (Moe Thida Htun, M.V.Sc, 2001).

( 4) Studies on the physiological responses of growing bulls fed on urea-treated rice straw with untreated or heat-treated sesame meal and two rates of chickpea husk. (Khin San Mu , M.V.Sc Thesis, 2001)

(5) Effect of combination of untreated or heat treated sesame and two rates of chick pea husk supplemented to urea-treated rice straw for grown up bulls (Aung Aung, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2001)

(6) Study on the growth performance and biochemical response of Rhode Island Red cockerels to three different levels of dietary protein. (Khin Myat New, M.V.Sc. Thesis, 2001)

(7) Effect of feeding tree forages as partial replacement of concentrates in rice straw based diet of goats on voluntary feed intake, digestibility and nitrogen balance. (Lwin Naing Oo, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2002)

(8) The effect of feeding tree forages as partial replacement of concentrates in rice straw based diet in goats on feed intake and physiological responses. (Met Aung, M.V.Sc. Thesis, 2002)

(9) The effects of supplementation with leucaena leaf and urea-molasses multinutrient blocks in rice straw based diet of goat on their voluntary feed intake, and digestibility, (Moe Moe Khaing, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2003)

(10) Khin Htay Myint

(11) The effect of legume residues on intake, digestibility, nitrogen utilization and in situ straw degradation as supplements to rice straw fed to goat (Tin Maung Soe M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2006)

(12)The digestibility, nitrogen utilization, and milk yield of cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed on the ration recommended by National Reasearch Council. (Sein Maung Maung, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2008)

(13) The effects of malasse and starch as additive on silage making process of leucaena, maize and grass. (Zaw Lin, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2008)

(14) Effect of synchronization of protein and energy on fibre digestibility in the rumen of fistulated bull fed on rice straw supplemented with sunflower seed cake and cotton seed cake. (Aye Min New, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2008)

(15) Study on the nutritive values and in vitro gas production of straw-mushroom spent rice straw and Trichoderma-treated rice straw. (Htun Min, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2008)

(16) The effects of brewers spent grains and pine apple peels as additive on silage making process of rice straw, grass and groundnut fodder. (Naw Re Say Ber, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2009)

(17) Study on the seasonal effect on nutritive value of tree foliages in Yangon, Meikhtila and Kalaw through in vitro gas production. (Mon Mon Soe, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2009)

(18) Efficient utilization of urea-treated rice straw supplemented with concentrate containing tamarind seed fed to cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cow. (Myo Min, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2009)

(19) Study on the effect of leucaena tannin on in situ protein degradation of different sources of concentrates in fistulated bull. (Swe Swe Win, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2010)

(20) Study on the effect of silage making on the content of tannin and mimisine in Leucaena leucocephala. (Wink Phyo Thu, M.V.Sc
Thesis, 2010)

(21) efffcest of concentrate supplements on the digestibility and nitrogen retention of captive elephant fed on conventional diet in Myanmar. (Tin Tun Aung, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2010)

(22) Comparison of Trichoderma-treated rice straw with urea-treated rice straw fed to lactating cows on the digestibility, nitrogen retention and milk yield. (Aung San Win, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2010)

(23) The study of the digestibility and nitrogen retention of female mithun at the different ages fed on locally available feed in Chin state of Myanmar. (Mai Li Ling, M.V.Sc . Thesis, 2011)

(24) Effect of partial replacement of leucaena forage and leucaena silage on digestibility, nitrogen utilization, milk yield in lactating cows fed on urea-treated rice straw based diet. (Myo Khaing, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2012)

(25) Study on the effect of leucaena tannin on in situ protein degradation of heat-treated different concentrate in the rumen of fistulated bull. (Thanda Aye, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2012)

(26) Effect of partial replacement of Albizia saman pods on the digestibility, nitrogen utilization, milk yield in cross-bred Holstein Frieshian lactating cows. (Min Aung, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2012)

(27) Study on the effect of urea-treated groundnut residue and sesame residue on digestibility and nitrogen utilization in sheep. (Yadana Lwin, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2012)

(28) Study on the protein degradation of heat-treated maize grain soaked in urea solution with different moisture content. (Soe Min Thein, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2012)

(29)The study of the different bean husks as the source of easily digestible fibre on in situ degradation and in vitro gas production of rice straw, urea-treated rice straw and grass. (Kyaw Min Htay, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2012)

(30) The effect of maize as additive on silage making process of leucaena and gliricidia. (Pyae Phyo Aung, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2013)

(31) Effects of the partial replacement of Albizia saman pod for concentrates on energy protein synchronization of diets and in situ
protein degradation of different concentrates. (Kyaw Yan Nain Htun, M.V.Sc Thesis, 2013)

(32) Study on the relationship of ruminal protein and carbohydrate to fobre digestion and milk production in cross-bred Holstein Friesian lactating cows fed on rice straw based diet. (Tin Maung Soe, Ph.d Thesis, 2010)

(33)Study on the development and isolation of leucaena mimosine degrading bacteria in the rumen of sheep. (Moe Thida Htun,
Ph.d Thesis, 2012)

 

Former Head/ Department of Physiology and Biochemistry

No

Name

Degree

From

To

1

Dr. Maung Maung Sa B.Sc (Vet), M.Phil (London)  1963  1987

2

Dr. Zaw Win Maung B.V.S, M.Sc (Wales)  1987  1994

3

Dr. Ni Ni Maw B.V.S, M.Phil (Massey)  1994  2004

4

Dr. Tin Ngwe B.V.S, M.Agr (Hokkaido), Ph.D (Hokkaido)  2004  2009

5

Dr. Mar Mar Kyi B.V.S, M.Phil, M.V.Sc, Ph.D (UPM)  2009  2011

6

Dr. Aung Aung
B.V.Sc, M.V.Sc, Ph.D. (Goettingen)  2011  Today
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry News

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